Skip to Main Content

Early Modern Europe


An increasing number of primary sources are available for free on the web. Here are some search strategies for finding them:

Strategy 1: To focus on primary sources, go to a search engine like Google, and combine your topic with terms designating primary sources such as memoirs, diaries, accounts, narratives, documents, autobiographies, online archives, correspondence, speeches.  You can link synonyms together with a capitalized OR.  Here are some examples:

"Isaac Newton" "primary sources"

"French Revolution" accounts

"The Tudors" database

Strategy 2: Another great way to find sources on the web is to think of a library, archives, or university that specializes in your topic, and pay them a "virtual visit" (check their web site for online collections). 

The Internet: The World's Fastest Growing Archive

Most archival sources are still "off-line".  However, archivists are digitizing many of their collections and linking them from their web sites to improve access, creating treasure troves of primary materials all over the web just waiting for history students to discover!