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EN 103 and EN 455 (Gardiner)

A Library Guide for EN 103 and EN 455 courses taught by Dr. Karen Gardiner.

How to use MLA


Works-Cited-List Entries


Davis, Angela Y. Blues Legacies and Black Feminism: Gertrude "Ma" Rainey, Bessie Smith, and Billie Holiday. Pantheon, 1998.


Journal Articles

Boggs, Colleen Glenney. "Public Reading and the Civil War Draft Lottery." American Periodicals, vol. 26, no. 2, 2016, pp. 149-66.


Website Content

Bauch, Nicholas. Enchanting the Desert: A Pattern Language for the Production of Space. Standford UP, 2016,


In-Text Citations

*In-text citations for MLA are very contextual and have different requirements. For more information on citing sources in the text, see chapter 6 of the MLA handbook.*

"An in-text citation begins with the shortest piece of information that directs your reader to the entry in the works-cited list. Thus, it begins with whatever comes first in the entry: the author's name or the title (or description) of the work. The citation can appear in your prose or in parentheses" (MLA 227)


Citation in prose

Naomi Baron broke new ground on the subject.


Parenthetical citation

At least one researcher has broken new ground on the subject (Baron).


Works cited

Baron, Naomi S. "Redefining Reading: The Impact of Digital Communication Media." PMLA, vol. 128, no. 1, Jan. 2013, pp. 193-200.